An electric shock occurs when a person comes into contact with an electrical energy source. The electric energy passes through the body causing a shock. The human body is a good conductor of electricity, and contact with a live power source can cause significant burns, or may interfere with the heart's electrical system.
- Experience of a jolt, throwing the casualty on the ground
- Muscle contraction and pain
- Burn marks at the entry and exit points of electric current
- Evidence of the electric wire or electrical device near the casualty
- Turn off the main power supply
- Disconnect the electrical device
- Do NOT touch the casualty with your bare hands, or the electric current will pass through you as well
- Stand on a non-conducting surface - wood, rubber, telephone directory
- Use a non-conductive wooden rod to remove the wire or disconnect the device
- Prevent shock by making the casualty lie down and, if possible, position the head slightly lower than the trunk, with the legs elevated
- Check for breathing
- If there is a burn, remove the clothing from the burned area (unless stuck to the skin) and rinse it in cool, running water. Cover the burn with a dressing.
- Do NOT apply ice or any other ointment or cotton dressing to the burn
- Call for medical help
Important: Do NOT go near high-voltage wires until the power is turned off. Stay at least 20 feet away - farther if wires are jumping and sparking.Top