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Heart Attack

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Heart AttackA heart attack occurs when one of the arteries supplying the heart with blood and oxygen becomes partially or completely blocked. This results in a loss of blood flow to a portion of the heart thus injuring or destroying part of the heart muscle. A heart attack can occur with or without chest pain.


  • Severe pain in chest spreading to and also in left arm/neck
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Profuse sweating
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Palpitation & fibrillations
  • Weakness, sinking feeling and anxiety
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Dizziness/unconsciousness
  • Pale and clammy skin
  • Bluish lips or nails


  • Call for medical help immediately
  • Till medical help arrives, place the casualty in a half-sitting position, with knees bent
  • Loosen clothing, particularly around neck, chest and waist
  • Keep person warm
  • Wipe face and forehead with damp cloth
  • Regularly record and monitor pulse and breathing
  • If the casualty is on medication and has dose on his/her person - administer the medicine. Do NOT give any medicine that is not prescribed.
  • Do NOT throw water on person to revive
  • Do NOT give anything to eat or drink
  • If unconscious and you have been trained in CPR, begin CPR
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