Heat exhaustion begins after excessive exercise, heavy perspiration, and inadequate fluid or salt intake. It is a warning that the body is getting hot.
- Weakness or dizziness
- Cool, moist/clammy skin
- Excessive perspiration
- Dilated pupils
- Rapid, weak pulse
- Nausea or vomiting
- Abdominal or muscle cramps
- Move the casualty out of the sun and into a cooler site
- Make the casualty lie down with feet slightly elevated
- Loosen clothing
- Cool the casualty by sponging with cool, wet cloth
- Fan with electric fan
- Give a CONSCIOUS casualty sips of a cool drink or water
- Monitor the condition of the casualty as heat exhaustion can lead to heat stroke. If the condition does not improve, get medical help.