Hyperglycemia or High Blood Sugar
This condition develops when there is too much sugar in the blood. Hyperglycemia is most likely to occur in an undiagnosed diabetic.
Hyperglycemia in diabetes may be caused by skipping or forgetting your insulin or oral glucose-lowering medicine, eating too many grams of carbohydrates for the amount of insulin administered or just eating too many grams of carbohydrates in general, eating too much food and having too many calories, infection, illness, increased stress, decreased activity or exercising less than usual strenuous physical activity.
- Wanting to drink a lot (the body is trying to flush sugar from the system)
- Passing water regularly (urine may smell sweet)
- Fatigue (weak, tired feeling)
- Dry skin and rapid pulse
- Deep, labored breathing
- Increasing drowsiness
- Weight loss
- Breath or skin smells strongly of acetone (like nail-polish remover) as the body tries to get rid of sugar
- Drink more water - water helps remove the excess sugar from your urine and helps you avoid dehydration
- Exercise more - helps to lower your blood sugar
- Meet with a dietitian to change the amount and types of foods you are eating
- Consult your doctor and change the amount, timing, or type of diabetes medications you take. Do not make adjustments in your diabetes medications without first talking with your doctor.