Seizures, also called fits, are caused because of sudden, abnormal electrical activity in the brain. This sudden malfunction in the brain causes the person to collapse or convulse, often with a loss or change in consciousness. Most seizures last from 30 seconds to 2 minutes and do not cause lasting harm. However, it is a medical emergency if seizures last longer than 5 minutes or if a person has many seizures and does not wake up between them.
- Tingling sensation
- Twitching, muscle spasm in the body
- Stiffening of the body
- Loss of muscle control and falling, often very suddenly
- Loss of bladder or bowel movement
- Protect the casualty from injuring himself/ herself in the environment. Clear any tables, chairs, etc to provide clear space to the casualty.
- If you notice the person going into seizures, help the person to the ground so that he/she does not fall and hurt himself/herself
- Lay the casualty on the side to prevent vomit entering lungs
- Loosen tight clothing
- Do NOT attempt to restrain the movements
- Do NOT try to wedge the person's mouth open or place a hard object between the teeth. If there is a chance of the casualty biting his own tongue, place a rolled handkerchief between his/ her teeth
- When seizure ends, help the casualty to a comfortable position
- If the seizure lasts more than 2 minutes, get medical help